Terms A-Z

This glossary contains definitions of the terms from the topic areas Education, Science, Research and Innovation, and is regularly updated. The glossary terms are alphabetically ordered.

GERD – Gross Domestic Expenditure on Research and Development

Total expenditure on domestically performed R&D, whatever the source; this also includes R&D performed within the country and funded from abroad and by international organizations. However, it does not cover the expenditure on R&D performed abroad by international organizations headquartered in the country or R&D funding paid abroad (cf. Frascati Manual 2002, section 423).