Terms A-Z

This glossary contains definitions of the terms from the topic areas Education, Science, Research and Innovation, and is regularly updated. The glossary terms are alphabetically ordered.


Innovations are new or significantly improved products or services that have been introduced to the market by business enterprises (product innovations) and new or significantly improved production processes, processes for service provision, delivery methods, information processing, supportive processes for administration, methods to organise business processes and external relations, methods for organisation of work and marketing methods that are introduced in business enterprises (process innovations) and that differ significantly from previously offered products and used processes in business enterprises (cf. Oslo Manual 2018, sections 3.24 and 3.34).
(Source: Bundesbericht Forschung und Innovation (Glossar))