Terms A-Z

This glossary contains definitions of the terms from the topic areas Education, Science, Research and Innovation, and is regularly updated. The glossary terms are alphabetically ordered.


A Master’s degree is the qualification offered by institutions of higher education after completion of a second-cycle programme. It is conferred after one- or two-year full-time or part-time studies. To be admitted to a Master’s degree course, students need to be in possession of a Bachelor’s degree or have completed a traditional course of study (Magister, Diplom, first state examination in law or teaching, medical degree). A Master’s degree can build on previous studies or open up new areas of knowledge.