Terms A-Z

This glossary contains definitions of the terms from the topic areas Education, Science, Research and Innovation, and is regularly updated. The glossary terms are alphabetically ordered.

Science expenditure

Science expenditure covers expenditure on research and development (R&D) as well as expenditure on academic teaching and education and other related scientific and technological activities. The latter include, for example, scientific and technical information services, data collections for general purposes, studies on the feasibility of technical projects (feasibility studies for research projects, however, form part of R&D), and development of a basis for decision-making in politics and industry.