1) According to the ISCED classification: International Standard Classification for Education 2011.
2) NEET refers to young people neither employed nor in education or training but following non-formal studies. For more details see source.
3) In 2022, values are partly below a certain reliability threshold and should be interpreted with caution (see source).
4) Average of 25 states of the European Union (only OECD countries, partners and/or accession countries of the OECD) after the United Kingdom left the EU. The data were calculated back for the entire time series.

a = data not applicable because category does not apply.
c = too few observations to provide reliable estimates. The calculation of the Länder averages includes those figures.
m = data not available.
y = data included in other category.

Last update: September 20, 2023

This work is licensed under a Data licence Germany attribution non-commercial 1.0.