Source: Federal Ministry of Education and Research, special evaluation
This table also appears in the Federal Report on Research and Innovation as Table 4.

1) Possible deviations from earlier publications are due to subsequent changes in the allocation to R&D.
2) Target expenditure 2023 including "Climate and transformation fund" but excluding other funds from section 60 "General financial management" - chapter 6002 "General appropriations". These are collected retrospectively. Without the supplementary budget of 28 December 2023.
3) The departments' scopes of responsibilities and their names correspond to the organisational division of the 20th legislative period's Federal Government. To ensure comparability between individual years, expenditures were retrospectively adjusted or implemented to reflect the current organizational division when there were changes in the allocation of responsibilities between government departments. Possible rounding differences.
4) Including expenditures of the Federal Government's Commissioner for Culture and the Media.
5) Target expenditure taking into account the proportionate global reduced expenditure for science, R&D (2023: 484.0 million euros).
6) Including payments for universities, and for projects at industry-sector research institutions, in connection with German reunification (1991 and 1995). As of 2008, abolition of payments to the Volkswagen Foundation. 2009 to 2011, including investment and redemption fund excluding allocations to the Länder (economic stimulus package - Konjunkturpaket II). 2011 to 2022, including "Energy and climate fund"; as of 2023 including "Climate and transformation fund". 2016, including future investments.

Last update: January 4, 2024

This work is licensed under a Data licence Germany attribution 2.0.