1) Data base: R&D personnel in fulltime equivalents (source: special evaluation of the Federal Statistical Office). In even years, the R&D personnel of the business enterprise sector is based on the regional breakdown of the respective previous year. Annual average of the populationbased on 2011 Census, date of calculations November 2021/February 2022 (source: Working group "Regional Accounts", "Reihe 1, Länderergebnisse Band 1").
2) Includes personnel which can not be distributed to Länder.

Last update: October 24, 2022

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