1) Data base: R&D personnel in fulltime equivalents (source: special evaluation of the Federal Statistical Office). In even years, the R&D personnel of the business enterprise sector is based on the regional breakdown of the respective previous year. Annual average of the populationbased on 2011 Census, date of calculations August 2020/February 2021 (source: Working group "Regional Accounts", "Reihe 1, Länderergebnisse Band 1").
2) Includes personnel which can not be distributed to Länder.

Last update: November 15, 2021

This work is licensed under a Data licence Germany attribution 2.0.