1) WS = Winter semester.
2) Including colleges of education, colleges of theology, colleges of art and music and comprehensive universities.
3) Including college of public administration.
4) The categories EU countries and Non-EU countries reflect the status of EU membership of the European countries in the respective reference semester (e.g. as of winter semester 2020/2021 EU countries does not include United Kingdom).
5) Until 1991, Soviet Union.
6) Including the categories "Stateless persons" and "Not stated".

- = no figures or magnitude zero.
m = data not available.

Last update: August 10, 2023

This work is licensed under a Data licence Germany attribution 2.0.