Terms A-Z

This glossary contains definitions of the terms from the topic areas Education, Science, Research and Innovation, and is regularly updated. The glossary terms are alphabetically ordered.

First-year students / new entrants to higher education

New entrants to higher education are students in their first semester (first enrolment) or in their first semester of a certain ... course of study.


Full-time equivalent (FTE)

Unit to measure the full-time activity of a person over a certain period. This unit serves to express the working time of ... a person doing part-time R&D work (including part-time workers) as the working time of a full-time R&D worker (cf. Frascati Manual 2002, sections 331 ff).


Further training examination / Meister examination

Further training and Meister examinations demonstrate knowledge and skills acquired through further training measures. They ... must comply with the special requirements of vocational adult education.