Terms A-Z

This glossary contains definitions of the terms from the topic areas Education, Science, Research and Innovation, and is regularly updated. The glossary terms are alphabetically ordered.

GDP – Gross domestic product

GDP is a measure of a country’s economic performance over a certain period of time. It measures the value of domestically ... produced goods and services (added value), as long as these are not used as a basis for the production of other goods and services.


GERD – Gross Domestic Expenditure on Research and Development

Total expenditure on domestically performed R&D, whatever the source; this also includes R&D performed within the country ... and funded from abroad and by international organizations. However, it does not cover the expenditure on R&D performed abroad by international organizations headquartered in the country or R&D funding paid abroad (cf. Frascati Manual 2002, section 423).


Government expenditure on R&D

All resources allocated to R&D by the Federal Government and the Länder, regardless of the sector in which R&D is performed. ...