Terms A-Z

This glossary contains definitions of the terms from the topic areas Education, Science, Research and Innovation, and is regularly updated. The glossary terms are alphabetically ordered.

Academic and creative arts staff

The group of academic and creative arts staff at institutions of higher education mainly includes members of established ... academic staff, senior administrators and directors, and employed academic and creative arts staff.


Academic degree

In Germany, students can receive the following academic degrees after passing the relevant examinations: Bachelor’s degree, ... state examination, Diplom and Magister (both of which are being phased out), Master’s degree and doctorate.


AFBG – Upgrading Training Assistance Act (Aufstiegsfortbildungsförderungsgesetz)

The Upgrading Training Assistance Act (AFBG, also known as the "Meister-BAföG") has been in force since 23 April 1996. It ... provides skilled craftsmen and tradesmen of all ages with financial support to upgrade their training and attain higher qualifications. The aim is to counteract the skills shortage in Germany and enhance Germany’s competitiveness. The law is a comprehensive funding instrument for vocational skill development in all occupational areas.



An apprentice is someone who is undergoing training under the dual system in a recognized training occupation based on a ... training contract in accordance with the Vocational Training Act. Apprentices learn on the job or in company/intercompany training centres and simultaneously attend part-time vocational school (dual system).