Terms A-Z

This glossary contains definitions of the terms from the topic areas Education, Science, Research and Innovation, and is regularly updated. The glossary terms are alphabetically ordered.


Unemployed people are jobseekers who are temporarily out of employment or employed for less than 15 hours per week, are looking ... for employment of at least 15 hours per week that is subject to insurance, and submit to the efforts of the employment office or the local authority to find them work – i.e. are able and willing to work.


Unemployment rate

The number of unemployed people is calculated in relation to the number of civilians in dependent employment or, since January ... 2009, in relation to the total civilian labour force. The unemployment rate is often referred to as the "national unemployment rate", as opposed to the ILO unemployment rate, which is mainly used for the purpose of international comparison.


University of applied sciences (Fachhochschule)

Universities of applied sciences offer courses with a greater practical focus, particularly in engineering and the areas ... of business, social studies, design and informatics. Courses are shorter than at universities.